This week we are exploring the spelling of the hard g sound in words. We are looking at the role of "u" in the spellings, noting how the letter u allows the g to keep its hard sound.
Here is how this week's words should be sorted:
gu- -gue -g oddball
guess tongue ladybug gauge
guard vague zigzag language
guitar league shrug argue
guide fatigue iceberg
guilty catalogue strong
We noticed that gauge is an oddball because there doesn't appear to be a reason for the letter u in its spelling. Language is an oddball because the "gu" spelling sounds like /gw/, as opposed to just a hard g sound. Argue is an oddball because the u not only helps the g keep a hard g sound, but it also lends a long u sound to the word.
This week, we are exploring the VCV and VCCV pattern at words' syllable junctures. When we look at these patterns, we notice that when syllables end with a vowel, there is a long vowel sound. When syllables end with a consonant, there is a short vowel sound. Here is how this week's words should be sorted:
VCV VCCV Oddball
super supper busy
diner dinner pretty
We noted that busy is an oddball because it should fit into the VCV (long vowel sound) column, but it has a short vowel sound. We also decided that pretty should fit into the oddball column, because it sounds like it should have an i in the place of the e.
This week, the students are exploring what happens to one syllable words when a suffix is added. To complete this sort, students will first want to focus on the base, or root, word. It is that base word that has the pattern that is used for the sort. After students have sorted by looking at the base word, they will begin to see some patterns. Below you will find an explanation for how the words should be sorted. Need further help? Feel free to view the video showing the sort.
VC - The words in this column have a base word that ends in a Vowel Consonant pattern. Notice that ALL of these words have the final consonant doubled before adding the suffix. This keeps the short vowel sound.
VCe - all of these words have a base word that ends with a Vowel, Consonant, silent e pattern. Notice all of these words have a long vowel sound.
VVC - all of these words have a base word that ends with a Vowel, Vowel, Consonant pattern. Notice that all of these words also have a long vowel sound.
VCC - all of these words have a base word that ends with a Vowel, Consonant, Consonant pattern. Notice that all of these words have a short vowel sound, and since they already end in 2 consonants, there is no need to double a consonant before adding a suffix.
Oddball - there is one word, that appears to go in the VC column, but does not have a doubled consonant before adding the suffix.
The x is not doubled because we do not find an xx pattern in English words (with the exception of the company name Exxon.)